mysql二進位安裝腳本部署

来源:https://www.cnblogs.com/tushanbu/archive/2022/09/20/16711987.html
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mysql二進位安裝腳本部署 單實例 [[email protected] ~]# mkdir mysql //創建存放腳本目錄 [[email protected] ~]# ls anaconda-ks.cfg mysql [[email protected] ~]# cd mysql/ [[email protected] ...


mysql二進位安裝腳本部署


目錄

單實例

[[email protected] ~]# mkdir mysql   //創建存放腳本目錄
[[email protected] ~]# ls
anaconda-ks.cfg  mysql
[[email protected] ~]# cd mysql/
[[email protected] mysql]# mkdir files  //創建安裝包目錄
[[email protected] mysql]# ls
files
[[email protected] mysql]# ls files/
mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz
[[email protected] mysql]# touch mysql_install.sh  //創建腳本文件
[[email protected] mysql]# chmod +x mysql_install.sh  //賦予執行許可權
[[email protected] mysql]# ll
total 0
drwxr-xr-x. 2 root root 56 Sep 19 21:16 files
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root  0 Sep 19 21:18 mysql_install.sh
[[email protected] mysql]# vim mysql_install.sh 
[[email protected] mysql]# cat mysql_install.sh 
#!/bin/bash

#設置執行許可權
if [ $UID -ne 0 ];then
        echo "請以管理員用戶進行執行"
        exit
fi
read -p "請輸入要創建的實例個數: " count
read -p "請輸入數據存放目錄(預設路徑: /opt/xbz): " datadir
read -p "請輸入要為資料庫設置的密碼: " passwd
read -p "請輸入安裝目錄,(預設路徑:/usr/local/mysql):" mysql_install_dir
#判斷安裝目錄合法性
echo $mysql_install_dir | grep -E '^/[a-z][a-z]*(/[a-z][a-z]*)*$' &> /dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
    if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
        mkdir -p $mysql_install_dir
    fi
else
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi
#判斷安裝目錄是否為空
if [ -z $mysql_install_dir ];then
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi

#創建用戶
id mysql &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
    else
            echo "用戶已存在"
fi
#安裝依賴包
dnf -y install ncurses-compat-libs 
#解壓軟體包,修改目錄和所屬組
if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
    echo "解壓軟體包"
    tar xf files/mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
    cd /usr/local
    mv mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql
fi
chown -R mysql.mysql ${mysql_install_dir}
#設置環境變數
echo 'export PATH=${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
#做頭文件
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/include /usr/include/mysql
#配置lib
echo '${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
ldconfig
#設置man文檔
grep '${mysql_install_dir}/man' /etc/man_db.conf &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        sed -i "22a MANDATORY_MANPATH                       ${mysql_install_dir}/man" /etc/man_db.conf
fi
#建立數據存放目錄
for i in $(seq $count);do
    if [ $count -eq 1 ];then
            if [ -z $datadir ];then
                datadir=/opt/xbz
            fi
            if [ ! -d $datadir ];then
                mkdir -p $datadir
            fi      
            chown -R mysql.mysql $datadir
            ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld --initialize --user mysql --datadir $datadir &> /tmp/passwd
#生成數據配置文件
            cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[mysqld]
basedir = ${mysql_install_dir}
datadir = $datadir
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock 
port = 3306 
pid-file = $datadir/mysql.pid 
user = mysql 
skip-name-resolve 
EOF
#配置服務啟動腳本
if [ ! -f /etc/init.d/mysqld ];then
        cp  -a   ${mysql_install_dir}/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  '/^basedir=/c basedir=${mysql_install_dir}' /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  "/^datadir=/c datadir=$datadir" /etc/init.d/mysqld
fi
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
#啟動mysql並設置開機自啟
service mysqld start
sleep 6
chkconfig --add mysqld
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql /usr/bin
password=$(grep 'password' /tmp/passwd |awk '{print $NF}')
mysql -uroot -p$password --connect-expired-password -e "set password = password('$passwd');"
echo "資料庫的密碼是: $passwd"
    fi
done
驗證:
[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -uroot -p'[email protected]'
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> exit
Bye

使用函數的單實例

[[email protected] mysql]# cat mysql_install.sh 
#!/bin/bash

#設置執行許可權
if [ $UID -ne 0 ];then
        echo "請以管理員用戶進行執行"
        exit
fi

function init(){
id mysql &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
    else
            echo "用戶已存在"
fi
#安裝依賴包
dnf -y install ncurses-compat-libs 
#解壓軟體包,修改目錄和所屬組
if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
    echo "解壓軟體包"
    tar xf files/mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
    cd /usr/local
    mv mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql
else
    echo 'mysql已安裝,不需要重覆安裝'
    exit
fi
chown -R mysql.mysql ${mysql_install_dir}
#設置環境變數
echo 'export PATH=${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
#做頭文件
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/include /usr/include/mysql
#配置lib
echo '${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
ldconfig
#設置man文檔
grep '${mysql_install_dir}/man' /etc/man_db.conf &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        sed -i "22a MANDATORY_MANPATH                       ${mysql_install_dir}/man" /etc/man_db.conf
fi
}
function init2(){

            if [ -z $datadir ];then
                datadir=/opt/xbz
            fi
            if [ ! -d $datadir ];then
                mkdir -p $datadir
            fi
            chown -R mysql.mysql $datadir
}

function single(){
    init        
#建立數據存放目錄
for i in $(seq $count);do
    if [ $count -eq 1 ];then
        init2           
#判斷是否已格式化           
            content=$(ls -l $datadir | grep -v total | wc -l)
            if [ $content -eq 0 ];then
                ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld --initialize --user mysql --datadir $datadir &> /tmp/passwd
            else
                echo '不需要重覆初始化'
                exit
            fi
#生成數據配置文件
            cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[mysqld]
basedir = ${mysql_install_dir}
datadir = $datadir
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock 
port = 3306 
pid-file = $datadir/mysql.pid 
user = mysql 
skip-name-resolve 
EOF
#配置服務啟動腳本
if [ ! -f /etc/init.d/mysqld ];then
        cp  -a   ${mysql_install_dir}/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  '/^basedir=/c basedir=${mysql_install_dir}' /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  "/^datadir=/c datadir=$datadir" /etc/init.d/mysqld
fi
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
#啟動mysql並設置開機自啟
service mysqld start
sleep 6
chkconfig --add mysqld
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql /usr/bin
password=$(grep 'password' /tmp/passwd |awk '{print $NF}')
mysql -uroot -p$password --connect-expired-password -e "set password = password('$passwd');"
echo "mysql安裝成功,資料庫的密碼是: $passwd"
    fi
done
}
read -p "請輸入要創建的實例個數: " count
read -p "請輸入安裝目錄,(預設路徑:/usr/local/mysql):" mysql_install_dir
read -p "請輸入數據存放目錄(預設路徑: /opt/xbz): " datadir
read -p "請輸入要為資料庫設置的密碼(預設密碼123456): " passwd
#判斷安裝目錄合法性
echo $mysql_install_dir | grep -E '^/[a-z][a-z]*(/[a-z][a-z]*)*$' &> /dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
    if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
        mkdir -p $mysql_install_dir
    fi
else
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi
#判斷安裝目錄是否為空
if [ -z $mysql_install_dir ];then
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi
#判斷數據存放目錄是否為空
if [ -z $datadir ];then
    datadir=/opt/xbz
fi
#判斷數據存放目錄是否合法
echo $datadir | grep "^/[a-z][a-z]*\(/[a-z][a-z]*\)*$" &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
    datadir=/opt/xbz
fi
#設置資料庫密碼格式
if [ -z $passwd ];then
    passwd=123456
else
    echo $passwd | grep -E '[a-z]+' | grep -E '[A-Z]+' | grep -E '[0-9]+' | grep -E '_+' &> /dev/null
    if [ $? -ne 0 ] || [ ${#passwd} -lt 8 ];then
        passwd=123456
    fi
fi
#創建用戶
if [ $count -eq 1 ];then
    single        
else
    echo "多實例"       
fi
驗證:               
[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -uroot -p'123456'
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> exit
Bye

使用函數的單實例或者多實例

[[email protected] mysql]# cat mysql_install.sh 
#!/bin/bash

#設置執行許可權
if [ $UID -ne 0 ];then
        echo "請以管理員用戶進行執行"
        exit
fi

function init(){
id mysql &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        useradd -r -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql
    else
            echo "用戶已存在"
fi
#安裝依賴包
dnf -y install ncurses-compat-libs perl 
#解壓軟體包,修改目錄和所屬組
if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
    echo "解壓軟體包"
    tar xf files/mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz -C /usr/local
    cd /usr/local
    mv mysql-5.7.38-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64 mysql
fi
chown -R mysql.mysql ${mysql_install_dir}
#設置環境變數
echo 'export PATH=${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
#做頭文件
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/include /usr/include/mysql
#配置lib
echo '${mysql_install_dir}/lib' > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/mysql.conf
ldconfig
#設置man文檔
grep '${mysql_install_dir}/man' /etc/man_db.conf &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then
        sed -i "22a MANDATORY_MANPATH                       ${mysql_install_dir}/man" /etc/man_db.conf
fi
}
function init2(){

            if [ -z $datadir ];then
                datadir=/opt/xbz
            fi
            if [ ! -d $datadir ];then
                mkdir -p $datadir
            fi
            chown -R mysql.mysql $datadir
}
#單實例
function single(){
    init        
#建立數據存放目錄
for i in $(seq $count);do
    if [ $count -eq 1 ];then
        init2           
#判斷是否已格式化           
            content=$(ls -l $datadir | grep -v total | wc -l)
            if [ $content -eq 0 ];then
                ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld --initialize --user mysql --datadir $datadir &> /tmp/passwd
            else
                echo '不需要重覆初始化'
                exit
            fi
#生成數據配置文件
            cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[mysqld]
basedir = ${mysql_install_dir}
datadir = $datadir
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock 
port = 3306 
pid-file = $datadir/mysql.pid 
user = mysql 
skip-name-resolve 
EOF
#配置服務啟動腳本
if [ ! -f /etc/init.d/mysqld ];then
        cp  -a   ${mysql_install_dir}/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  '/^basedir=/c basedir=${mysql_install_dir}' /etc/init.d/mysqld
        sed -ri  "/^datadir=/c datadir=$datadir" /etc/init.d/mysqld
fi
chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
#啟動mysql並設置開機自啟
service mysqld start
sleep 6
chkconfig --add mysqld
ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql /usr/bin
password=$(grep 'password' /tmp/passwd |awk '{print $NF}')
mysql -uroot -p"$password" --connect-expired-password -e "set password = password('$passwd');"
echo "mysql安裝成功,資料庫的密碼是: $passwd"
    fi
done
}
#多實例
function multi(){
    init
    init2
    port=3306
#配置配置文件/etc/my.cnf
    cat > /etc/my.cnf <<EOF
[mysqld_multi]
mysqld = ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld_safe
mysqladmin = ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqladmin
EOF
#創建各實例數據存放的目錄並初始化各實例
    for i in $(seq $count);do
        mkdir -p ${datadir}/$port
        chown -R mysql.mysql ${datadir}
        content=$(ls -l ${datadir}/$port | grep -v total | wc -l)
        if [ $content -eq 0 ];then
                echo "正在初始化各實例"
                ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld --initialize --user=mysql --datadir=${datadir}/$port &> /tmp/passwd
#取出臨時資料庫密碼
            password=$(grep 'password' /tmp/passwd |awk '{print $NF}')
        else
            let port++
            continue        
        fi
#配置配置文件/etc/my.cnf
        cat >> /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[mysqld$port]
datadir = ${datadir}/$port
port = $port
socket = /tmp/mysql{$port}.sock
pid-file = ${datadir}/${port}/mysql_${port}.pid
log-error=/var/log/${port}.log
EOF
#啟動各實例並修改資料庫密碼
        ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/my_print_defaults /usr/bin
        ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld_multi start ${port}
        sleep 6
        ln -s ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql /usr/bin
        mysql -uroot -p"$password" -h127.0.0.1 -P${port} --connect-expired-password -e "set password = password('$passwd');"
        let port++
    done
    echo "mysql安裝成功,資料庫的密碼是: $passwd"
}

read -p "請輸入要創建的實例個數: " count
read -p "請輸入安裝目錄,(預設路徑:/usr/local/mysql):" mysql_install_dir
read -p "請輸入數據存放目錄(預設路徑: /opt/xbz): " datadir
read -p "請輸入要為資料庫設置的密碼(預設密碼123456): " passwd
#判斷安裝目錄合法性
echo $mysql_install_dir | grep -E '^/[a-z][a-z]*(/[a-z][a-z]*)*$' &> /dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
    if [ ! -d $mysql_install_dir ];then
        mkdir -p $mysql_install_dir
    fi
else
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi
#判斷安裝目錄是否為空
if [ -z $mysql_install_dir ];then
    mysql_install_dir=/usr/local/mysql
fi
#判斷數據存放目錄是否為空
if [ -z $datadir ];then
    datadir=/opt/xbz
fi
#判斷數據存放目錄是否合法
echo $datadir | grep "^/[a-z][a-z]*\(/[a-z][a-z]*\)*$" &> /dev/null
if [ $? -ne 0 ];then 
    datadir=/opt/xbz
fi
#設置資料庫密碼格式
if [ -z $passwd ];then
    passwd=123456
else
    echo $passwd | grep -E '[a-z]+' | grep -E '[A-Z]+' | grep -E '[0-9]+' | grep -E '_+' &> /dev/null
    if [ $? -ne 0 ] || [ ${#passwd} -lt 8 ];then
        passwd=123456
    fi
fi
#創建用戶
if [ $count -eq 1 ];then
    single
    ss -antl    
else
    multi
    ss -antl
fi
驗證:
[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -uroot -p'123456' -h127.0.0.1 -P3306
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> exit
Bye
[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -uroot -p'123456' -h127.0.0.1 -P3307
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> exit
Bye
[[email protected] mysql]# mysql -uroot -p'123456' -h127.0.0.1 -P3308
mysql: [Warning] Using a password on the command line interface can be insecure.
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 3
Server version: 5.7.38 MySQL Community Server (GPL)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2022, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> exit
Bye


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